Landseer E.C.T.

A friend

for

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History

About 200 years ago these big, white and black dogs were spotted on the island 
Newfoundland by European fishermen. Because of their appealing appearance these 
giants were brought to England. The 'dogs of Newfoundland' were present on the 
island in great numbers and helped the fishermen by towing nets out the water to 
the mainland. They also helped to bring people who threatened to drown, to 
safety.
It is believed that around 1770 these dogs have been exported to England in 
great numbers. However, these dogs were seen and reported much earlier. It is 
known that there is a painting of a boy, named Henry Sidney the later "Earl of 
Romney", with his white and black 'dog of Newfoundland'.
The first written reports of 'the dog of Newfoundland' are from 1732 by a 
"Person of Quality" in the book "The Gentlemen farrier". This is followed by "An 
History of the Earth and Animated Nature" dated 1774 written by Oliver 
Goldsmith. This is a very extensive and impressing description of 'the dog of 
Newfoundland'.
In 1778 the 'dog of Newfoundland' is first reported on our continent by E.A. 
Zimmerman. In 1790 Thomas Bewick's famous work follows: "A General History of 
Quadrupeds". His work contains a picture (drawing) of the dog.

From that moment until about 1880 there are at least 60 books known to us and a 
large number of paintings that include the large white and black dogs. The most 
famous painting ever is "A Distinguished Member of Humane Society" painted by 
the famous animal painter Sir Edwin Landseer in 1838. Because Sir Edwin Landseer 
always painted these large white and black dogs these dogs where referred to as 
"Landseer-dogs". This explains how the Landseer got his name.

In England these dogs were crossed with the black Newfoundland regularly and it 
was soon a fact that there were more differences between these 2 dogs than just 
their colour. Gradually it became clear that the white and black dogs were much 
higher and more active than the black variety. One could clearly see the 
differences.

The first pure Landseer litter was probably born in Holland in 1893. However, 
these dogs were crossed with the black Newfoundland. The second Landseer litter 
was born in Switzerland in 1902 and this litter may be considered to be the 
revival of the Landseer on the European mainland. Altogether it took until 1960 
before the Landseer E.C.T. was considered a separate breed. It is now protected 
under number 226 of the F.C.I.

Landseer-Newfoundlands have usually more black on their body and blacker 
heads. The name 'Landseer-Newfoundland' is mostly used to indicate the colour of 
the Newfoundland. This is not the same as Landseer E.C.T. Besides the colour, 
the characters are also different: a Landseer E.C.T. is much more active and 
remains active till his last day. The Newfoundland is usually somewhat calmer.

A POEM

On one side of the pedestal supporting the antique urn Lord Byron had inscribed:

Near this spot

Are deposited the remains of one

That possessed beauty without vanity

Strength without insolence

Courage without ferocity

And all the virtues of man without his vices

The praise which would be unmeaning

Flattery if inscribed over human ashes

Is but a just tribute to the memory of

BOATSWAIN, a dog

Who was born at Newfoundland, may 1803,

And died at Newstead, november 18, 1808